Xavier is Associate Professor of Sustainability Science at the Nicholas School of the Environment at Duke University. He focuses on the politics of collective action and self-governance, and the interaction of politics with the biophysical environment. His work also examines the relationships between institutional diversity and environmental variability in the context of inshore fishing commons. His team’s current work engages fishers, fishing representatives, and practitioners in the co-production of shared understandings of the determinants of functional fishing organizations and how to jointly create diagnostic frameworks that can better inform the development of better theories of collective action on the one hand, and lead to stronger fishing organizations in the other hand.

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